Currently the laboratory comprises three functional units, namely bacteriology, parasitology and TB.
Parasitology laboratory is responsible for examination of all parasite-related studies such as schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminths, filariasis, malaria.
TB laboratory is responsible for carrying out day to day examination of sputum samples for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
PHL-IdC is the TB National Reference Laboratory and performs smear microscopy and solid culture on all samples from presumptive and follow-up TB patients from Pemba Island, and on the smear positive samples from Unguja. The positive cultures are sent for identification and Drug sensitivity testing to the Central TB Reference Laboratory in Muhimbili (Tanzania mainland).
The iLED microscopy has been introduced in March 2014 as routine test. Recently staff from PHL-IdC have received training in Strengthening Laboratory Management Towards Accreditation for TB examination.
PHL-IdC laboratories are well equipped and undergo transformation in terms of the technology to suit project demands. To mention few, in recent years PHL-IdC has installed Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) facilities and automation technologies mostly for bacteriology work.